ZEI Publications

The ZEI Directors regularly publish books and articles in which various issues concerning governance and regulation in the EU are examined.

Latest Publications

ZEI Discussion Paper C 280 / 2023

Keep calm and join NATO. Finland’s and Sweden’s road to the military-political alliance - Matti Wiberg

How did Finland (and Sweden) join NATO? The purpose of this paper is to provide a general account of the process which produced the Finnish membership in NATO. The paper starts with a general inventory of some essential background and context. Then the development of public opinion in Finland and Sweden is described. Then the non-existent NATO-debate is touched upon. After this the exact chronology of events is listed and the timeline of the process is summarized. After this the NATO timeline of Finnish membership ratification is presented. Then a few words on how Finland and Sweden, hand in hand, made the process together. The paper ends with a few points on what kind of member will Finland be.

ZEI Discussion Paper C 279 / 2023

A geopolitical gem. How Greenland can be a test case for a more ambitious EU - Koen Verhelst

With the EU finally opening a diplomatic office in Greenland, it takes steps to put its Arctic Strategy into practice. The island country will be a 21st century player in northpole logistics, clean energy and raw materials. Russia and China have made no secret of their interest in the region and former US President Donald Trump even suggested his country should buy Greenland. In this geopolitical maelstrom, how can the EU further its aim of becoming a geopolitical player? The bloc will need to navigate a set of broad international challenges while keeping member states in mind on a rather narrow path to its own 'Arcticness'. This paper tries to sketch out the way Greenland's aims partially overlap with Brussels' and how China and Russia will be eyeing any mistakes the EU makes.

Future of Europe Observer Vol. 11 No. 2 / 2023

Conflicting goals and challenges of EU economic policy

"An economy that works for people" is what the European Commission called its third priority in its work programme. With this area, it is pursuing the goal of further developing the social market economy of the EU and promoting the growth of the national economies of the Member States. At the same time, the EU is also trying to reduce poverty and inequality. Furthermore, major projects such as the Capital Markets Union must be completed and the Economic and Monetary Union must be deepened. These are many challenges that the EU must meet in a shifting global order. This issue of the Future of Europe Observer therefore takes a closer look at the EU's economic policy against the background of the current crises.

Schriften des ZEI / No. 85

Im Gespräch bleiben: Politische Wissenschaft und berufliche Praxis. Freiburger Politikdialog – Bonner Europakolloquium (1994-2023) - Ludger Kühnhardt (ed.)

Political scientist Ludger Kühnhardt has remained in conversation with his doctoral students for three decades. During regular, legendary seminars between former and current doctoral students, the academic exchange of ideas was combined with personal encounters. The “Freiburg Political Dialogues” and “Bonn European Colloquia” found their logistical home in the Münstertal (Black Forest). The seminars were made possible by the Hanns-Martin-Schleyer-Stiftung's funding initiative “Dialogue between young science and practice”. The keynote speeches of these seminars - initially given by external speakers, later presented exclusively by former and current doctoral students - are documented in this volume. „Im Gesrpäch bleiben“ (“Staying in conversation”) shows how the academic learning community can stay alive beyond the formal time of studies and how an alumni network can remain productive. The volume concludes with a farewell lecture of Ludger Kühnhardt reflecting on his work as university professor in more than three decades.

ZEI Series

Future of Europe Observer

The “ZEI Future of Europe Observer” accompanies European politics with analysis and projections. The “ZEI Future of Europe Observer” is published three times a year and each issue focuses on a specific aspect of European governance and regulation. Authors are ZEI Scholars, Master of European Studies Fellows and Alumni.

ZEI Discussion Paper

"ZEI Discussion Paper’s” stimulate discussion among researchers, practitioners and policy makers on current and emerging issues of European integration and Europe’s global role. They express the personal opinion of the authors. The papers often reflect on-going research projects at ZEI. "ZEI Discussion Paper’s" are published several times a year.

Schriften des ZEI

ZEI Director Professor Ludger Kühnhardt is editor of the "Schriften des Zentrum für Europäische Integrationsforschung“ with Nomos Publisher in Baden-Baden, the leading German publishing house on European topics in political science. The series deals with basic questions concerning the European integration and Europe's global role.

Publications of ZEI Directors

Waage der Gerechtigkeit
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Journals on European Competition Law

ZEI Director Professor Christian Koenig is co-editor of several highly acclaimed jurisprudential journals.

Verknüpfte Welten

Verknüpfte Welten

Ludger Kühnhardt: Verknüpfte Welten. Notizen aus 235 Ländern und Territorien. Band 1: 1960-1999, Band 2: 2000-2020, Wiesbaden: Springer 2022.


The Art of Regulation

Christian Koenig / Bernhard von Wendland: The Art of Regulation. Competition in Europe - Wealth and Wariness, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017.

The Bonn Handbook of Globality

The Bonn Handbook of Globality

A comprehensive interpretation of terms and symbolizations after the global turn.

Further information

ZEI at 25

For 25 years, ZEI combines transdisciplinary research and education in regional integration. Download our work report and the brochure describing the contribution of ZEI's Master in European Studies in opening doors for alumni worldwide.

Press review

The Pressespiegel (press review) documents the presence of ZEI and its staff in print media.

ZEI Annual Reports

The “ZEI Annual Reports” have been documenting the work of the Center for European Integration Studies since 1996. Their aim is to inform about the Center’s research projects and activities, publications and staff.

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