ZEI Publications

The ZEI Directors regularly publish books and articles in which various issues concerning governance and regulation in the EU are examined.

Latest Publications

FEO Vol. 11 No. 2 / 2023

The European Green Deal - A Paradigm Shift with Obstacles
- Henrik Suder & Liska Wittenberg

In 2019, the EU Commission announced the European Green Deal, the most ambitious and comprehensive project in global environmental policy. This issue of the Future of Europe Observer looks at implementation, how environmental policy is being integrated into all EU policies and whether economic growth and sustainability are fundamentally compatible. It also looks at the factors that determine the success of the Green Deal and how the EU is positioning itself internationally with its environmental policy.

ZEI Schriften / No. 87

Das Europäische Parlament und die Türkei - Beziehungen im Spannungsfeld zwischen normativem und strategischem Handeln - Patrick Baues

Relations between the EU and Turkey have been characterised by growing estrangement for many years. For the most part, Turkey's departure from democratic values is pointed out as the cause of this estrangement, but this reasoning overlooks the fact that the relationship between Turkey and the EU is characterised by mutual irritations that have led to deep fractures. In this book, the author analyses the causes and expressions of these normative and strategic tensions on the basis of the debates in the European Parliament (2004–2019). In a unique way, he shows how the polarising question of accession has affected the various parliamentary groups and reveals what has caused Turkey's successful integration into the EU to fail.

ZEI Discussion Paper C 280 / 2023

Keep calm and join NATO. Finland’s and Sweden’s road to the military-political alliance - Matti Wiberg

How did Finland (and Sweden) join NATO? The purpose of this paper is to provide a general account of the process which produced the Finnish membership in NATO. The paper starts with a general inventory of some essential background and context. Then the development of public opinion in Finland and Sweden is described. Then the non-existent NATO-debate is touched upon. After this the exact chronology of events is listed and the timeline of the process is summarized. After this the NATO timeline of Finnish membership ratification is presented. Then a few words on how Finland and Sweden, hand in hand, made the process together. The paper ends with a few points on what kind of member will Finland be.

ZEI Discussion Paper C 279 / 2023

A geopolitical gem. How Greenland can be a test case for a more ambitious EU - Koen Verhelst

With the EU finally opening a diplomatic office in Greenland, it takes steps to put its Arctic Strategy into practice. The island country will be a 21st century player in northpole logistics, clean energy and raw materials. Russia and China have made no secret of their interest in the region and former US President Donald Trump even suggested his country should buy Greenland. In this geopolitical maelstrom, how can the EU further its aim of becoming a geopolitical player? The bloc will need to navigate a set of broad international challenges while keeping member states in mind on a rather narrow path to its own 'Arcticness'. This paper tries to sketch out the way Greenland's aims partially overlap with Brussels' and how China and Russia will be eyeing any mistakes the EU makes.

ZEI Series

Future of Europe Observer

The “ZEI Future of Europe Observer” accompanies European politics with analysis and projections. The “ZEI Future of Europe Observer” is published three times a year and each issue focuses on a specific aspect of European governance and regulation. Authors are ZEI Scholars, Master of European Studies Fellows and Alumni.

ZEI Discussion Paper

"ZEI Discussion Paper’s” stimulate discussion among researchers, practitioners and policy makers on current and emerging issues of European integration and Europe’s global role. They express the personal opinion of the authors. The papers often reflect on-going research projects at ZEI. "ZEI Discussion Paper’s" are published several times a year.

Schriften des ZEI

ZEI Director Professor Ludger Kühnhardt is editor of the "Schriften des Zentrum für Europäische Integrationsforschung“ with Nomos Publisher in Baden-Baden, the leading German publishing house on European topics in political science. The series deals with basic questions concerning the European integration and Europe's global role.

Publications of ZEI Directors

Waage der Gerechtigkeit
© Corgarashu - adobe-stock.com

Journals on European Competition Law

ZEI Director Professor Christian Koenig is co-editor of several highly acclaimed jurisprudential journals.

Verknüpfte Welten

Verknüpfte Welten

Ludger Kühnhardt: Verknüpfte Welten. Notizen aus 235 Ländern und Territorien. Band 1: 1960-1999, Band 2: 2000-2020, Wiesbaden: Springer 2022.


The Art of Regulation

Christian Koenig / Bernhard von Wendland: The Art of Regulation. Competition in Europe - Wealth and Wariness, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017.

The Bonn Handbook of Globality

The Bonn Handbook of Globality

A comprehensive interpretation of terms and symbolizations after the global turn.

Further information

ZEI at 25

For 25 years, ZEI combines transdisciplinary research and education in regional integration. Download our work report and the brochure describing the contribution of ZEI's Master in European Studies in opening doors for alumni worldwide.

Press review

The Pressespiegel (press review) documents the presence of ZEI and its staff in print media.

ZEI Annual Reports

The “ZEI Annual Reports” have been documenting the work of the Center for European Integration Studies since 1996. Their aim is to inform about the Center’s research projects and activities, publications and staff.

Wird geladen