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ZEI Monitor: EU Progress 2019-2024



ZEI follows policy progress in the ten areas which have priority for EU institutions over the period 2019-2024:


Commission Priority 1: A European Green Deal


Policy areas

  • Clean energy

  • Sustainable industry

  • Building and renovating

  • Sustainable Mobility

  • Biodiversity

  • From Farm to Fork

  • Eliminating Pollution


European Commission Work Program:


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The European Green Deal

  • Strategy for the Integration of Energy Systems: On the 8th of July 2020, the European Commission also presented a "Strategy for Energy System Integration". It rests on the following three pillars:

    First, a more "cycle-oriented" energy system, of which energy efficiency is a central component. The strategy sets out concrete measures for the practical application of the "energy efficiency first" principle and for more effective use of local energy sources in buildings or communities. Significant potential is offered by the reuse of waste heat from industrial plants, data centers or other sources, and energy recovery from biowaste or sewage treatment plants. The "renovation wave" will be an important part of these reforms.
    Second, more direct electrification of the end-use sectors. As the share of renewable energy is highest in the electricity sector, the EU should, if possible, make increasing use of electricity, for example for heat pumps in buildings, electric vehicles in transport or electric stoves in certain industries. A network of one million charging stations for electric vehicles should be among the visible results, along with the expansion of solar and wind power.

    Third, for those sectors where electrification is difficult, the strategy proposes the use of 'cleaner fuels' such as renewable hydrogen, sustainable biofuels and biogas. The Commission plans to propose a new classification and certification system for renewable and low-carbon fuels.
  • Hydrogen Strategy: On the 8th of July 2020, the European Commission presented a "Hydrogen Strategy for a Climate Neutral Europe". It drafts a three-stage roadmap with expansion targets:

    1. from 2020 to 2024 the European Commission wants to support the installation of electrolysers with an electrolysis capacity of at least 6 gigawatts and the production of up to 1 million tons of renewable hydrogen.

    2. from 2025 to 2030, hydrogen is to become an essential part of the EU's integrated energy system by installing electrolysers for the production of renewable hydrogen with an electrolysis capacity of at least 40 gigawatts and by producing up to 10 million tons of renewable hydrogen.

    3. between 2030 and 2050, renewable hydrogen technologies should be mature and widely deployed in all sectors where decarbonization is difficult.

    (Press release)

  • Legislative Proposal: On the 4th of March 2020, the European Commission put forward a Regulation Proposal for the first European Climate Law which aims to write into law the goal set out in the European Green Deal – for Europe’s economy and society to become climate-neutral by 2050. Union-wide emissions and removals of greenhouse gases regulated in Union law shall be balanced at the latest by 2050, thus reducing emissions to net zero by that date. The Commission is empowered to adopt delegated acts in accordance with Article 9 of this Regulation to supplement this Regulation by setting out a trajectory at Union level to achieve the climate-neutrality objective set out in Article 2(1) of the Regulation until 2050. (Press release)
  • On the 11th of December 2019, the European Commission published a Communication on the European Green Deal with which it aims to provide a Roadmap with actions to boost the efficient use of resources by moving to a clean, circular economy and stop climate change, revert biodiversity loss and cut pollution. It outlines investments needed and financing tools available, and explains how to ensure a just and inclusive transition.

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Financing the sustainable transition

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Sustainable production and consumption

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Protecting our environment

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Sustainable and smart mobility



ZEI Insights 


Further Publications

Energy Policy

Robert Stüwe, EU External Energy Policy in Natural Gas: A Case of Neofunctionalist Integration? (ZEI Discussion Paper C241) Bonn, 2017 (Abstract) (Download)

Günther H. Oettinger, Europeanising EU Energy Policy (ZEI Disucssion Paper C202) Bonn 2010 (Download

Klaus W. Grewlich, Pipelines, Drogen, Kampf ums Wasser - greift die EU-Zentralasien-Strategie? Neues „Great Game“ von Afghanistan bis zum Kaspischen Meer? (ZEI Discussion Paper C200) Bonn 2010( Download

Energy Law

Jurisprudential Publications


Document Actions