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EU Glossary: Timetable

Overview of Forthcoming Events: Elections in Member States / European Parliament and key events of EU institutions

2021

Member state Next election Legislative session  Government/Presidency

Cyprus

Zypern.gif

30th of May 5 years

Presidential system


Majority Coalition: Dimokratikos Synagermos (EPP),  Solidarity Movement (AECR/ECR)

Head of State/Government (since 2008): Nicos Anastasiades (Dimokratikos Synagermos, EPP)

Germany

Deutschland

 

26th of September 4 years Majority coalition: Christian Democratic Union (CDU), Social Democratic Party (SPD), Christian Social Union (CSU)

Head of Government (2005): Angela Merkel (Christian Democratic Union, EPP)


Czech Republic

Tschechien.gif


8th / 9th of October 4 years

Majority Coalition: ANO supported by the Social Democrats and the Communist Party

Head of Government (2018): Andrej Babis (ANO, Renew Europe)

2022

 

Member state Next election Legislative session  Government/Presidency
Malta
Malta.gif
Spring 5 years One-Party GovernmentMalta Labour Party

Head of Government (since 2020): Robert Abela, Malta Labour Party

Slovenia 

Slowenien.gif

Spring 4 years

Majority Government: Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS), Democratic Party of Slovenian Pensioners (Desus), Party of Modern Centre (SMC), New Slovenia

Head of Government (2020): Janez Jansa (Slovenian Democratic Party, SDS, EPP)

Hungary

Ungarn.gif

Spring 4 years Majority coalition:
Fidesz -  Hungarian Civic Union, KDNP-Christian Democratic People's Party

Head of Government (2010): Viktor Orbán (Fidesz -  Hungarian Civic Union)
France
Frankreich.gif
Spring 5 years Head of Government (2017): Édouard Philippe, Les Républicains

Head of State (2017): Emmanuel Macron, En Marche (Renew Europe)

Sweden

Schweden.gif

22nd of September 4 years

 

Majority Coalition:
Swedish Social Democrats (PES) and Greens (European Greens)

Head of Government (2014): Stefan LöfvenSwedish Social Democrats 

Latvia

Lettland.gif

1st of October 4 years

Majority coalitionUnity (EPP/EPP), Reform Party (-/), National Alliance "All For Latvia!" - "For Fatherland and Freedom/LNNK" (AECR/ECR), Union of Greens and Farmers, Liepāja Party


Head of Government (2019): Krišjānis Kariņš, Unity (EPP/EPP)

2023 

Member state Next election Legislative session  Government/Presidency
Italy
Italien.gif
Spring 5 years Government of Technocrats with changing parliamentary majorities

Head of
Government (since 2021): Mario Draghi

Denmark

Daenemark

Spring 4 years

Minority Government of Socialdemokratiet tolerated by the Socialist People’s Party, the Red-Green Alliance and the Social-Liberal Party

Head of Government (2019): Mette Frederiksen, Socialdemokratiet (S&D)

Estonia

Estland.gif

Spring 4 years

Majority Coaltion consisting of the Estonian Reform Party (ALDE) and the Estonian Centre Party (ALDE)

Head of Government (2021): Kaja Kallas, Estonian Reform Party (ALDE)

Finland

Finnland.gif

Spring 4 years

Majority Coalition: Social Democratic Party (SDP /SPE) with the Centre Party (ALDE), Green League (EGP), the Swedish People's Party of Finland (RE) and Left Alliance (GUE-NGL/ VAS)

Head of Government (2019): Sanna Marin (SDP)

Greece

Griechenland.gif

Spring 4 years
Single Party Government of the Nea Dimokratia  (EPP)
 
Head of Government (2019): Kyriakos Mitsotakis, Nea Dimokratia (EPP)

Luxembourg

Luxemburg.gif

Autumn 5 years

Majority Coalition: Democratic Party, Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party, The Greens

Head of Government (2013): Xavier Bettel, Democratic Party (ALDE)

Portugal

Portugal

Autumn 4 years Minority Government of Socialist Party (PS / S&D), Unitary Democratic Coalition (CDU) and Left Bloc (B.E.)

Head of Government  (2015): António Costa, Socialist Party (PS)

Polen

Polen

Autumn 4 years One-Party Government: Law and Justice (PiS) (AECR/ECR)

Head of Government  (2018): Mateusz Morawiecki, Law and Justice (PiS) (AECR/ECR)

Spain

Espana.gif

Autumn 4 years Minority Government: Spanish Socialist Workers' Party, PSOE (PES)

Head of Government (2018): Pedro Sánchez Pérez-Castejón, Spanish Socialist Workers' Party, PSOE (PES)

 

2024

Member state Next election Legislative session  Government/Presidency

Slovak Republic

Slowakei.gif
Spring 4 years Parliamentary system

Majority Coalition: Ordinary People and Independent Personalities, OĽaNO (EPP); We Are Family (ID); Freedom and Solidarity, SaS (ECR) and For the People

Head of Government (since 2021): Eduard Heger, Ordinary People and Independent Personalities, OĽaNO (EPP)
European
Parliament

EP
Spring 5 years President: David Maria Sassoli, PES

Belgium

Belgien

Spring 5 years

Croatia
Croatia

Autumn 4 years Parliamentary system

Majority coalition: Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ) and the Independent Democratic Serb Party (SDSS)

Head of Government (2016) : Andrej Plenković (HDZ)

Lithuania

Litauen.gif

Autumn 4 years

Parliamentary system

Majority coalition likely to be formed: Fatherland Union Lithuanian Christian Democrats  (TS-LKD), Liberal Movement (LRLS) and Freedom Party (LP)

Head of Government (2020): Ingrida Šimonytė (TS-LKD/EPP)

Head of State (2019): Gitanas Nausėda (Independent)

Austria

Oesterreich.gif

Autumn 5 years Parliamentary system

Coalition: Austrian People's Party (ÖVP) and The Greens (GRÜNE)

Head of Government (2020): Sebastian Kurz (Austrian People's Party, ÖVP)

Romania

Rumaenien.gif

Autumn 4 years

Majority coalition: National Liberal Party PNL (EPP), the Save Romania Union USR-PLUS (Renew Europe) and the Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania UDMR (EPP)


Head of Government (2020): Florin Cîțu, National Liberal Party (PNL)

Head of State (2014): Klaus Werner Johannis (PNL / EPP)

 

2025

Member state Next election Legislative session  Government/Presidency

Ireland

Irland.gif
Spring 5 years

Parliamentary system

Majority coalition with a rotating head of government:

The liberal people's party Fine Gael - Family of the Irish (EPP), the liberal-conservative party Finna Fail - Soldiers of Destiny (Renew) and the Green Party (Greens/EFA)

Head of Government (since 2020): Michael Martin (Finna Fail) and from 2023 Leo Varadkar (Fine Gael)

Netherlands

Niederlande.gif

Spring 4 years Parliamentary system

Majority coalition: People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (ALDE/ALDE), the Christian Democratic Appeal CDA (EPP), the left-liberal Democratic Party 66, D66 and the ChristianUnion, CU

Head of Government (2010): Mark Rutte,
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD, Renew Europe)

Bulgaria

 

Bulgarien

Spring 4 years

Unicameral parliamentary system

Minority Government GERB (EPP), Reformist Party (EPP), Alternative for Bulgarian Renaissance 

Head of Government (2014): Boyko Borissov (GERB, EPP)

 

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