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ZEI Monitor: EU Progress 2014-2019

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ZEI follows policy progress in the ten areas which have priority for EU institutions over the period 2014-2019:


Commission Priority: Justice and Fundamental Rights

 

Objectives  

  • Making it easier for citizens and companies in the EU to defend their rights outside their home country, by improving mutual recognition of judgments by courts across the EU

  • Cracking down on organised crime, such as human trafficking, smuggling and cybercrime and tackling corruption

  • Concluding the accession of the EU to the Council of Europe's Convention of Human Rights

  • Obtaining guarantees that US government agencies and companies adequately protect EU citizens' personal data

  • Pushing for an EU-wide law against discrimination

 

European Commission Work Program:

2019

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Further Strengthening the Rule of Law Framework

  • Communication - Strengthening the Rule of Law within the Union - A blueprint for action

On the 17th of July 2019, the European Commission published a Communication that proposes to set up a Rule of Law Review Cycle, including an annual Rule of Law Report covering all EU member states. This additional system will assist early detection of emerging rule of law problems wherever they appear. For an effective common response to rule of law breaches, the Commission pledges to make full use of its enforcement powers, if early detection and prevention measures are not effective. (press release)

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Completing the Security Union

  • Date of Effect - ENISA (the European Union Agency for Cybersecurity) 

On the 27th of June 2019, the Regulation on the European Union Agency for Cybersecurity (ENISA) and on information and communications technology cybersecurity certification and repealing Regulation (EU) No 526/2013 (Cybersecurity  Act) will come into effect. ENISA shall carry out the tasks assigned to it under this Regulation for the purpose of achieving a high common level of cybersecurity across the Union, including by actively supporting member states, Union institutions, bodies, offices and agencies in improving cybersecurity. NISA shall carry out the tasks assigned to it by Union legal acts that set out measures for approximating member state laws, regulations and administrative provisions which are related to cybersecurity. Plus, ENISA shall develop its own resources, including technical and human capabilities and skills, necessary to perform the tasks assigned to it under this Regulation. The Regulation is based on a Commission proposal from the 13th of September 2017. 

 

2018

2017

 

2016

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Implementation of European Agenda on Security

  • Legislative Proposals - Schengen Information System (SIS):

On the 21st of December 2016, the European Commission put forward three legislative proposals to reinforce the SIS for fighting terrorist activities and cross-border crime. (press release)

The legislative propsals on the establishment, operation and use of the SIS include:

1. a Regulation on police cooperation and judicial cooperation;

2. a Regulation on border checks;

3. a Regulation on the use of the SIS for the return of illegally staying third country nationals  

  • Legislative Proposals: Anti-Money Laundering in Criminal Law / Terrorist Financing

On the 21st of December 2016 the European Commission proposed a package of legislative measures to strengthen the EU's capacity to fight the financing of terrorism and organised crime, delivering on the commitments made in the Action Plan against terrorist financing on the 2nd of February 2016. (press release)

The legislative proposals include: 

1. a Directive on countering money laundering by criminal law

2. a Regulation on controls on cash entering or leaving the Union

3. a Regulation on the mutual recognition of freezing and confiscation orders

  • Travel Documents' Security: On the 8th of December 2016 the European Commission presented an Action Plan setting out concrete measures for the improvement of travel documents's security, as announced in the Communication "Enhancing security in a world of mobility" on the 14th of September 2016. The Action Plan provides recommendations for member states to tackle the phenomenon of travel document fraud. (More)
  • Legislative Proposal - European Travel Information Authorisation System (ETIAS)

On the 16th of November 2016, the European Commission put forward a Proposal for a Regulation on the establishment of the ETIAS to strengthen security checks on visa-free travellers. Nationals of visa liberalisation countries will still be able to travel without a visa but will have to obtain a simple travel authorisation prior to their travel to the Schengen Area.  ETIAS is meant to be a first deliverable of the priorities for action identified in the Bratislava Roadmap. (More)

  • On the 6th of October 2016, the European Border and Coast Guard Agency was officially launched at the Bulgarian external border with Turkey. (More)
  • Entry into Force - European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex):

On the 14th of September 2016, the Regulation on the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex) came into effect. It goes back to the European Commission's Proposal for a Regulation on the 15th of December 2015. The new Regulation expands the tasks of the former European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the external borders of the EU's member states. To reflect those changes, the agency is renamed "European Border and Coast Guard Agency" and continues to be referred to as Frontex while remaining the same legal person.

  • On the 14th of September 2016, the European Commission issued a key Communication announcing budgetary and and legislative measures on the Security Union in response to President Juncker's State of the Union speech.
  • Legislative Proposal - EU certification system for aviation security equipment:

On the 7th of September 2016 the European Commission put forward a Proposal for a Regulation on the establishment of a single EU certification system for aviation security screening equipment to enhance the competitiveness of the EU security industry as set out on the 20th of April 2016. The introduction of an EU certificate will allow security equipment approved in one member state to also be put on the market in other member states. (More)

  • Legislative Proposal - Anti-Money Laundering in the Financial System (AMLD5):

On the 5th of July 2016, the European Commission presented its Proposal on the AMLD5-Directive (prevention of the use of the financial system for the purposes of money laundering or terrorist financing)  

  • Legislative Proposal - Child Abduction: On the 30th of June 2016, the European Commission published a Proposal for a Council Regulation on jurisdiction, the recognition and enforcement of decisions in matrimonial matters and the matters of parental responsibility, and on international child abduction (recast). 

1. Countering terrorist propaganda and illegal hate speech online
2. Addressing the radicalisation in prisons
3. Promoting inclusive education and EU common values
4. Promoting an inclusive, open and resilient society and reaching out to young people
5. Strengthening the international cooperation
6. Boosting research, evidence building, monitoring and networks
7. Focusing on the security dimension  

  • Security Union Roadmap: On the 20th of April 2016, the European Commission published a Commmunication which aims to set out a measures towards building an operational and effective Security Union to increase the EU's collective capacity to tackle the threat posed by terrorists. This Communication can also be viewed as the Commission's reaction to the bomb attacks that took place in Brussels on the 22nd of March 2016. (More)

 

2015

 ZEI Insights 

 

Jurisprudential Publications on the Security Union

Christian Koenig: "Der Gesetzesentwurf zur Umsetzung der Vierten EU-Geldwäscherichtlinie in Bezug auf grenzüberschreitende Glücksspieldienstleistungen Das Herkunftslandprinzip  und seine praktische Überwachungswirksamkeit", Zeitschrift für Wett- und Glücksspielrecht, 3/4 2017, p. 214-221 (Link)

 

 

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