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ZEI Monitor: EU Progress 2014-2019

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ZEI follows policy progress in the ten areas which have priority for EU institutions over the period 2014-2019:

 

Commission Priority: A Resilient Energy Union with a Forward Looking Climate Change Policy

 

Objectives 

  • Creating a European Energy Union – by pooling resources, connecting networks and uniting our power when negotiating with non EU countries

  • Diversifying our energy sources – so Europe can quickly switch to other supply channels if the financial or political cost of importing from the East becomes too high

  • Helping EU countries become less dependent on energy imports

  • Making the EU the world number one in renewable energy and leading the fight against global warming

 

European Commission Work Program:

2019

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Implementation of the Paris Agreement

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Completing the Energy Union

  • Entry into Force - Gas Directive for Pipelines

On the 17th of April 2019, the Directive (EU) 2019/692 amending Directive 2009/73 / EC concerning common rules for the internal market in natural gas entered into force. The purpose of this Directive is to remove obstacles to the completion of the internal market in natural gas resulting from non-application of EU market rules on gas pipelines from third countries and third countries. With the amendments introduced by this Directive, the EU legislator wishes to ensure that the rules applicable to gas pipelines between two or more EU member states also apply to gas pipelines in the Union from third countries and to third countries. The amended directive is based on a bill proposed by the European Commission on the 8th of November 2017 (see ZEI Monitor 2017).

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Future of Energy and Climate policy

  • Revised Energy Charter Treaty: Negotiating Mandate for the EU Commission

On the 2nd of July 2019, the Council of the European Union granted the European Commission the mandate to negotiate the modernisation of the Energy Charter Treaty (ECV). The mandate includes the negotiating directives. The aim of the modernised ECV, according to the Council, should be to facilitate sustainable investments between the ECV Contracting Parties in the field of energy by creating a coherent and timely, legally binding framework that provides legal certainty and guarantees a high degree of investment protection. The modernised ECV should clarify that the EU may require market operators from third countries operating in the internal market to comply with existing Union and member state legislation, including those concerning environmental protection and safety.

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Energy efficiency targets – preparing for Brexit

 

2018

2017

 

2016

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Energy Union Package

  • Connecting Europe Facility in Energy - Proposals for Investments in Energy Infrastructure:

On the 19th of January 2016, the member states agreed on a Commission proposal to invest €217 million in key trans-European energy infrastructure projects. In total, 15 projects, helping to increase energy security in the EU, were selected following a call for proposals under the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF), an EU funding programme for infrastructure. (More)

  • Legislative Proposals - Energy Security in Natural Gas and Oil

On the 16th of February 2016 the Commission presented a package of energy security measures as one of the cornerstones of the Energy Union strategy. The goal of these proposals is to bring more transparency to the European energy market and create more solidarity between the member states: (More)

1. Proposal for a Regulation to safeguard security of gas supply 

2. Proposal for a Decision on establishing an information exchange mechanism with regard to intergovernmental agreements between member states and third countries

3. Communication on an EU strategy for liquefied natural gas and gas storage

4. Communication on an EU Strategy on Heating and Cooling 

  • Connecting Europe Facility - Investments in Energy Infrastructure: On the 15th of July 2016, the EU's member states agreed on the European Commission's proposal to invest €263 million in key European energy infrastructure projects. The lion's share of the investment will support the building of gas infrastructure in the Baltic Sea region as well as supporting the electricity sector across Europe. Nine projects were selected following a call for proposals under the EU funding support programme the Connecting Europe Facility (CEF). The selected priority projects aim to increase energy security, connect the isolated EU Member States to the wider European grid and contribute to the Energy Union objectives of affordable, secure and sustainable energy. (More)
  • Legislative Proposals - Climate Policy / Transition to a Low-Carbon Economy:

On the 20th of July 2016, the European Commission presented a package of measures to accelerate the transition to low-carbon emissions in all sectors of the economy in Europe. The proposals put forward present binding annual greenhouse gas emissions targets for member states from 2021-2030 for the transport, buildings, agriculture, waste, land-use and forestry sectors as contributors to EU climate action. (More)

1. Proposal for a Regulation on binding annual greenhouse gas emission reductions by member states from 2021 to 2030 to meet commitments under the Paris Agreement
2.
Proposal for a Regulation on the inclusion of greenhouse gas emissions and removals from land use, land use change and forestry into the 2030 climate and energy framework

  • Strategy on Low-Emission Mobility: On the 20th of July 2016, the Commission also presented a strategy on low-emission mobility setting the course for the development of EU-wide measures on low and zero-emission vehicles and alternative low-emissions fuels. This package measures is part and parcel of the "Energy Union and a forward-looking Climate Change policy". (More)

Communication on a European Strategy for Low-Emission Mobility

  • Balticconnector: On the 10th of August 2016, the European Commission has allocated 187.5 million euro for the construction of the Balticconnector, the first Estonia-Finland gas pipeline. The Balticconnector is intended to end the gas isolation of Finland and develop the Baltic regional gas market, aiming to contribute to solidarity and the security of supply in the entire Baltic region. The EU’s financial support to the Balticconnector comes from the Connecting Europe Facility and corresponds to 75% of the needed funding. The pipeline is expected to be operational by December 2019. (More)
  • Legislative Proposals - 'Winter Package' on Energy Policy

On the 30th of November 2016, the European Commission presented its "Winter Package" on energy policy in order to keep the EU competitive during the energy transition. The proposed measures are predominantly designed to modify existing energy law: (More)

1. Proposal for a Regulation on an internal market for electricity

2. Proposal for a Directive on common rules for the internal market in electricity

3. Proposal for a Regulation establishing a European Union Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators

4. Proposal for a Regulation on risk-preparedness in the electricity sector and repealing Directive 2005/89/EC

5. Proposal for Directive amending Directive 2012/27/EU on energy efficiency

6. Proposal for a Directive amending Directive 2010/31/EU on the energy performance of buildings

7. Proposal for a Directive on the Renewable Energy Directive 

8. Proposal for a Regulation on Energy Union governance

  • On the 7th of December 2016, negotiators of the European Parliament and the Council agreed on a Decision on establishing an information exchange mechanism with regard to intergovernmental agreements (IGAs) in the field of gas and oil between member states and third countries. Member states will have to ask the Commission for an ex-ante compatibility check of IGAs before concluding them. The initial Commission proposal for a review of the Intergovernmental Agreement Decision has been a key part of the "sustainable energy security package" proposed by the Commission in February 2016. (More)

 

2015

 

ZEI Insights 

 

Further Publications

Energy Policy

Robert Stüwe, EU External Energy Policy in Natural Gas: A Case of Neofunctionalist Integration? (ZEI Discussion Paper C241) Bonn, 2017 (Abstract) (Download)

Günther H. Oettinger, Europeanising EU Energy Policy (ZEI Disucssion Paper C202) Bonn 2010 (Download

Klaus W. Grewlich, Pipelines, Drogen, Kampf ums Wasser - greift die EU-Zentralasien-Strategie? Neues „Great Game“ von Afghanistan bis zum Kaspischen Meer? (ZEI Discussion Paper C200) Bonn 2010( Download

Energy Law

Jurisprudential Publications

 

Document Actions