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ZEI Monitor: EU Progress 2014-2019

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ZEI follows policy progress in the ten areas which have priority for EU institutions over the period 2014-2019: 

Commission Priority: A Stronger Global Actor



  • Responding faster to military threats, using new EU networks for defence cooperation

  • Creating more synergies among Member States in defence procurement

  • Setting up a permanent, voluntary EU defence force, which gets its resources from those member countries which choose to join

  • Bringing peace and stability to the European neighbourhood by continuing ongoing enlargement negotiations, notably with the Western Balkans whilst ensuring no further enlargement takes place over the next five years.


European Commission Work Program:

2019: Priority Pending Proposals - No New Initiatives

Measuring EU progress Monitoring Juncker work plan ampel gelb

Multi-Annual Financial Framework 2021-2027: Priority Pending Proposals

  • Proposal for a Regulation establishing, as part of the Integrated Border Management Fund, the instrument for financial support for customs control equipment
  • Proposal for a Regulation establishing the Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument
  • Proposal for a Council Decision on the Association of the Overseas Countries and Territories with the European Union including relations between the European Union on the one hand, and Greenland and the
    Kingdom of Denmark on the other ('Overseas Association Decision')
  • Proposal for a Council Regulation establishing a European Instrument for Nuclear Safety complementing the Neighbourhood, Development and International Cooperation Instrument on the basis of
    the Euratom Treaty
  • Proposal for a Regulation establishing the Instrument for Preaccession Assistance (IPA III)






Measuring EU progress Monitoring Juncker work plan ampel gelb

Post - Cotonou Framework

  • On the 22nd of November 2016 the EU Commission issued a communication on a renewed partnership with African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries introducing a new, sustainable phase in EU-ACP relations after the Cotonou Partnership Agreement expires in 2020. The aim is to agree with the ACP partner countries on an umbrella agreement, which would go together with regional tailored partnerships, in order to address the specific regional opportunities and challenges faced. (More)

Measuring EU progress Monitoring Juncker work plan ampel europa

Capacity building in the security sector

  • On the 6th of April 2016, the European Commission and the High Representative adopted a Joint Framework to counter hybrid threats and foster the resilience of the EU, its Member States and partner countries while increasing cooperation with NATO on countering these threats. This Joint Framework brings together existing policies and proposes twenty-two operational Actions aimed at:

•  raising awareness by establishing dedicated mechanisms for the exchange of information between Member States
•  building resilience by addressing potential strategic and critical and critical sectors such as cybersecurity, critical infrastructures (Energy, Transport, Space) etc.
•  preventing, responding to crisis and recovering by defining effective procedures to follow
•  stepping up the cooperation between the EU and NATO as well as other partner organisations (

  • On the 5th of July 2016 the European Commission and the High Representative Federica Mogherini proposed measures to enhance the European Union's effectiveness in supporting stability, security and development in third countries. The measures, outlined in a Joint Communication on security sector reform in partner countries and a legislative proposal to extend the Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace (IcSP), notably foresee more comprehensive assistance for security sector actors in partner countries, including the military under exceptional circumstances, in line with the objective of achieving sustainable development. (More)

Measuring EU progress Monitoring Juncker work plan ampel europa

Commission contribution to the Global Strategy

  • On the 8th of June 2016 the European Commission and the EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy presented the 'Strategy for international cultural relations' proposing a strategic framework for deeper and more effective international cultural relations as well as a new model for cooperation with Member States, national cultural institutes, private and public operators from the EU and its partner countries. As such, this Communication is reflecting the ambition of the EU's forthcoming Global Strategy being prepared by the High Representative. (More)
  • On the 22nd of June 2016, the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and the European Commission adopted a Joint Communication, entitled "Elements for a new EU strategy on China", which maps out the European Union's relationship with China for the next five years. This Communication should be seen in the context of the EU Global Strategy on Foreign and Security Policy. (More)
  • On the 28th of June 2016, the European Commission put forward its "Global Strategy for the European Union’s Foreign and Security Policy" to nurture the ambition for strategic autonomy of the European Union. The Strategy refers to a wide array of policies and instruments, entailing military capabilities and anti-terrorism as much as job opportunities, inclusive societies and human rights. (More)
  • On the 10th of November 2016, the European Commission and the High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy adopted a Joint Communication on International Ocean Governance, proposing actions for safe, secure, clean and sustainably managed oceans. The proposal sets out 14 sets of actions in three priority areas: 1) Improving the international ocean governance framework; 2) Reducing human pressure on the oceans and creating the conditions for a sustainable blue economy 3) Strengthening international ocean research and data. (More)




ZEI Insights  


Further Publications 

Global Europe 

Ludger Kühnhardt: Maturing beyond Cotonou: An EU-ACP Association Treaty for Development. A proposal for reinventing EU relations with the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Group of States. ( ZEI Discussion Paper C 235/2016)   (Download) (Abstract)

Ludger Kühnhardt: Neighbors and other realities: The Atlantic civilization and its enemies   (ZEI Discussion Paper C228, 2015) (Download) (Abstract)

Lothar Rühl: European Foreign and Security Policy since the Lisbon Treaty – From Common to single? (ZEI Discussion Paper C226, 2014)   (Download) (Abstract)

Stephen Calleya / Ludger Kühnhardt, How to ride the revolutionary Arab lion, in: World Security Network, 7.Januar 2013 (online)

Wiebke Drescher, The Eastern Partnership and Ukraine. New Label – Old Products? (ZEI Discussion Paper, C 194), Bonn 2009. (Download)

Andreas Marchetti, La politique européenne de voisinage: l’impact de la présidence allemande sur l’élaboration d’une politique stratégique (Note du Cerfa, 45), Paris 2007.

Andreas Marchetti, Consolidation in Times of Crisis: The European Neighbourhood Policy as Chance for Neighbours?, in: European Political Economy Review, No. 7 (2007), S. 9-23.

Thomas Demmelhuber, The European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) and its Implementation in the Southern Mediterranean. The Case of Egypt (ZEI Discussion Paper, C 170), Bonn 2007. (Download)

Andreas Marchetti, The European Neighbourhood Policy. Foreign Policy at the EU’s Periphery (ZEI Discussion Paper, C 158), Bonn 2006. (Download)

Thomas Demmelhuber, The Euro-Mediterranean Space as an Imagined (Geo-) Political, Economic and Cultural Entity (ZEI Discussion Paper, C 159), Bonn 2006. (Download)


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