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ZEI Discussion Paper C 266 / 2021

Kwan Lok Alan Ho: “Loud thunder, little rain” – Participatory Democracy in the European Union, Examining the European Citizens’ Initiative as an example

ZEI Discussion Paper C 266 / 2021

The European Citizens’ Initiative channels citizens’ participation from member states to the European Union at an unprecedented scale. The initial expectations on it and its potentials are as “loud” as a “thunder”. Contrasting with the implications assessed, this research finds there is only “little rain” dropped. Instead of concluding the instrument as a failure, the Union should shape the challenge as an opportunity to build a European public sphere for bringing Europeans closer to each other and the EU.

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