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ZEI Discussion Paper C 261 / 2020

Johannes Wiggen: Chancen und Grenzen europäischer Cybersicherheitspolitik

ZEI Discussion Paper C 261 / 2020

How has the European Union sought to protect itself and its member states from state-run cyberattacks respectively tried to prevent them? This paper applies the cybersecurity di-lemma, the only approach political science offers to explain the logic and dynamic behind network operations, to identify and asses the EU’s policies in the field of cyber-security and -defense policy. Therefore, this paper argues that the EUs cyber diplomacy should focus on the development of trust with non-likeminded states and the establishment of an interstate status quo concerning the handling of cyber operations. To signal its peaceful intentions and to make unilateral contributions to the security of all states, the EU should invent a vulnerability assessment and management process and position itself pro encryption. Furthermore, the EU should think of cybersecurity defensively to not further fuel the cybersecurity dilemma and make clear that it treats only cyber operations equivalent to a military strike with armed force.

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