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WAI-ZEI Paper No. 26 / 2016

René N’Guettia Kouassi: Plus de 50 Ans d’Intégration Africaine : Quel Bilan ?/ More than 50 Years of African Integration: The State of Play. Praia/Bonn 2016.

The process of African integration is historically rooted in the Pan-Africanist movements driven by the African diaspora. These movements have found support in Africa since the dawn of independence, and even before, with the advent of a raft of flourishing institutions of integration, in which the Organization of African Unity (OAU), which became the African Union (AU) in 2001, occupies a prominent place. In this context, the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) and many intergovernmental institutions were established for the sole purpose of integrating economically and politically the African continent.

The WAI-ZEI paper at hand gives an overview of the African integration process and is taking stock of the results achieved. While acknowledging the achievements made, several constraints, including the persistence of national sovereignty, the shortage of financial resources, poor basic infrastructures, or weak governance institutions, are likely to annihilate the efforts made for the success of the African integration. This paper therefore sheds light on the ways to address the challenges of integration.

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